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Ozarks Traditional Music: Genre-Specific Terms

A guide to research materials and special collections (including the Max Hunter Collection and the Gordon McCann Collection) available at the Missouri State University library

Seconding

The term "seconding" refers to the practice of adding a harmonic/rhythmic accompaniment to a fiddle tune. In modern times, this is most often provided by someone playing the chord changes on a guitar, but in earlier days (when the pool of players in a small town or village might be limited), the accompaniment might be played on a banjo, mandolin, piano, or even another fiddle.

performers Bob Holt and Alvie Dooms

Bob Holt (fiddle), Alvie Dooms (guitar)

Skillet Licking

 

You might come across the term "skillet licking" in your research on old-time fiddle music...it refers to the seconding practice of playing a lower harmony part on one fiddle  while the other fiddler plays the melody. The term references a Georgian group from the 1920s-1930s, called Gid Tanner and the Skillet Lickers, who added a third fiddler to the standard string band instrumentation (a practice that had been common at square dances and house parties long before the Skillet Lickers).

Fiddlesticks

Fiddlesticking" is another way to add an accompaniment to a fiddle melody, even when there is no second instrument handy! All it requires is a pair of thin sticks or knitting needles, and a lot of finesse!